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Psalm 45

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This psalm is a royal psalm with some elements of a wisdom psalm and a messianic psalm.
[Unit 8, BE 109, Transcript, 1]

There are 4 movements in Psalm 45:  verse 1 (introduction), verses 2-9, verses 10-15 and verses 16-17.
[Unit 8, BE 109, Transcript, 1-4]

Movement 2 in verses 2-9:
Talks of blessings for prosperity and conquest of enemy nations.
In verse 6, God is Elohim. The question is: Is the king addressed as God? Or has the psalmist turned to God as he's thinking of the king?
[Unit 8, BE 109, Transcript, 2]

"Hebrews interprets this psalm to be about Jesus."
[Unit 8, BE 109, Transcript, 5]

Hebrews 1:8 quotes Psalm 45:6-7.
"In this case, the king is God." Psalm 45 is talking prophetically of what the New Testament calls the marriage supper of the lamb.
[Unit 8, BE 109, Transcript, 7]

Movement 3 in verses 10-15:
This movement is addressed to the bride. The bride is told that she is entering into a new relationship and now you are part of the family of the king.
[Unit 8, BE 109, Transcript, 3]

Movement 4 in verses 16-17:
This movement changes from feminine to masculine and are concluding blessings to the king.
[Unit 8, BE 109, Transcript, 4]

"Solomon was not a warrior (vv. 3-5), and certainly an inspired writer would not address Solomon as 'God' (v. 6). Hebrews 1:8-9 marks it as a messianic psalm, so whatever may have been the historical use of this psalm the ultimate message is about Jesus Christ and His bride, the church (Eph. 5:23; Rev. 19:6-21; 22:17)."
[Wiersbe, 179]

Additional comments:
This psalm has multiple fulfillments:
 *  Hebrews interprets this psalm to be about Jesus
 *  This psalm was probably specific about a royal wedding
 *  This psalm has general application to any royal wedding
[Unit 8, BE 109, Transcript, 5]

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