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Definition of Parallelism

Psalms > Info on Psalms > Examples of Parallelism

Parallelism

  Is a statement and restatement with art,
         style and imagery.
  [Module 7, BE 101, Parallelism Handout, 2]
  Parallelism is a statement and a restatement
         for poetic effect. [Unit 3, BE 109, Transcript, 7]
  Parallelism exists in concepts, ideas or
         thoughts. [Module 7, BE 101, Parallelism Handout, 1]
  The restatement is not done to be redundant,
         it is done for effect. [Unit 3, BE 109, Transcript, 7]

Synonymous Parallelism:

  The 2nd line repeats the thought of the 1st line
           in different words.
  [Module 7, BE 101, Parallelism Handout, 2]

Antithetical Parallelism

  The 2nd line affirms the 1st line with an opposite or
  contrasting statement. Markers include adversative
  conjunctions, e.g. "but," or negation, e.g. "no," "neither," "nor."
  The B line states the notion of the A-line in opposite terms.
  [Module 7, BE 101, Parallelism Handout, 2]

Synthetic Parallelism

  The 2nd line repeats the thought of the 1st line in different
  words plus adds a conclusion or completes the sense of the
  1st line. The relationship is supplementary.
  [Module 7, BE 101, Parallelism Handout, 3]

Climactic Parallelism

  The 2nd line repeats the 1st line with the exact same words
  plus a conclusion. Climactic parallelism combines synonymous
  and formal parallelism. The B-line echoes part of the A-line,
  then adds a phrase that develops the meaning and completes
  the sense.
  [Module 7, BE 101, Parallelism Handout, 3]

Emblematic Parallelism

  A figure of speech in one line is explained in the other line
  The 2nd line elevates the idea in the 1st line.
  This is combined with one of the previous four literary
  structures (Emblematic Synonymous, Emblematic
  Amtithetical, Emblematic Climactic, or Emblematic Synthetic).
  [Module 7, BE 101, Parallelism Handout, 4]

Formal Parallelism

  One idea, thought, sentence, and, thus, one statement in meter.
  The couplet forms a complete sentence, idea, or thought
  without parallelism.
  [Module 7, BE 101, Parallelism Handout, 4]

Numerical Parallelism
  
   Poetry with number games is common in wisdom
         psalms or poetry. For three... or for four...
   [Unit 5, BE 109, Transcript, 10]


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